The CBDT recently notified the cost inflation index at 301 for the financial year 2020-21 vide notification dated 12 June 2020. The cost inflation index for the financial year 2019-20 notified last year is 289.
The cost inflation index is a factor used to adjust the cost or purchase price of an asset for inflation. It enables the calculation of the long-term capital gains arising from the sale of a capital asset.
A sale of a capital asset such as land, building, gold, stocks, bonds and so on gives rise to capital gains or losses. A taxpayer making a sale needs to calculate the capital gains and pay the taxes due on it. The capital gains may be short-term or long-term based on the holding period prescribed for different assets. While calculating the long-term capital gains, a taxpayer can benefit from indexing the cost or purchase price using the cost inflation index.
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Mr X sells land which he acquired for Rs 20 lakh on 10 April 2002. The date of sale is 10 May 2020 and sale value is Rs 2 crore. Mr X also incurs Rs 2 lakh as brokerage towards the sale of the land. Land held for more than two years is a long-term capital asset. The calculation of long-term capital gain is as follows:
|Long-term capital gains on the sale of land:|
|Sale consideration||Rs 20,000,000.00|
|Less: Expenses on transfer||Rs 200,000.00|
|Net consideration||Rs 19,800,000.00|
|Less: Indexed cost of acquisition||Rs 5,733,333.00|
|Taxable long-term capital gain||Rs 14,066,667.00|
The taxpayer should disclose the long-term capital gains while filing the income tax return due for FY 2020-21 in July 2021. A taxpayer should pay the taxes on the capital gains in the ongoing financial year except where there is a claim for a capital gains exemption.
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I am a Chartered Accountant by profession. I specialise in personal taxes and corporate income tax matters. I am an avid reader and track developments in financial markets, economy and other market developments.